Cardiology is a major medical discipline that deals with the structure, functioning and pathologies of the human cardiovascular system, as well as the causes, symptoms and diagnostic methods of cardiovascular system diseases. In Ancient Greek “kardia” means heart and “logia” is study. The main goal of cardiology is to stabilize hemodynamics, increase a patient’s capacity to work and endurance, enhance well-being, and minimize the risk of any complications.
Symptoms of heart disorders:
If a patient feels pain in the heart area or behind the breastbone it is necessary to visit a doctor as soon as possible. Most often such pain is felt while ascending the stairs or walking quickly. If a patient stops pain intensity decreases. Also, pain can occur in the left body part (in the chest, under the scapula or in a hand). Weakness, discomfort, noises in the head, rapid heart rate are alarming signs of a pathologic condition.
Methods of heart diseases treatment:
The most widespread disorders of cardiovascular system are infarction, stroke, heart failure, hypertension, heart arrhythmia, heart defect, heart muscle disease, blood vessel disorder, thrombus formation, varicose veins, etc.
Modern cardiology has at its disposal a large number of means and methods for treatment of various heart disorders.
- therapeutic (chemical and biological);
Chemical and biological methods include treatment using various chemically or naturally produced medications (medicinal herbs, honey, shilajit, etc.).
The most frequently used surgical treatment methods are the following:
- reconstruction surgeries performed on heart valves;
- coronary angiography;
- balloon angioplasty;
- coronary artery bypass surgery;
- implantation of pacemakers and sinoatrial nodes;
- removal of varicose veins;
- surgeries on major blood vessels;
- stem cells implantation.
Physical methods are not only an integral part of cardiovascular system disorders treatment, but also necessary for disease prevention and recovery. So, special climate, mineral waters, peloids are natural resources that can be used to restore the heart function. Physiotherapy (magnet therapy, laser irradiation, gas baths, etc.), therapeutic physical training, hydrotherapy, breathing techniques and others methods are also widely used.