The main cause of a pathology such as herniated disk is osteochondrosis of the spine, which is manifested by a decrease in hydrophilicity and destruction of intervertebral disks tissue, their hernial building towards the spinal canal, reactive changes in the adjacent bone tissue of the vertebrae, and also accompanied by arthrosis of the arched joints.
Osteochondrosis of the spine
Osteochondrosis of the spine is a disease linked to upright posture and severe spine exploitation in modern life.
Intervertebral discs vary in size depending on the load on them, increasing from top to bottom and reaching a height of 11 mm in the lumbar region. The disks consist of a gelatinous core, which is a gel-like mass, and a dense fibrous ring surrounding it. Above and below, the discs are covered with a thin layer of white fibrous cartilage which ensures their nutrition from the vessels of the vertebral body.
As a result of complex biochemical, vascular and other processes, the fibrous ring loosens, and the pulpous nucleus penetrates it. That’s how the protrusion develops. When it ultimately breaks the fibrous ring, a hernia/extrusion of the intervertebral disk is formed.
The most loaded lower lumbar and lower cervical segments suffer the most often.
A disc herniation can squeeze the roots of the spinal cord or the spinal cord itself, as well as its final section called the cauda equina.
Most often, a herniated disc causes pain the back, and then in the leg. At the same time, the lower lumbar and sacral roots that form the most powerful sciatic nerve get irritated.
Patients having osteochondrosis the cervical spine suffer headaches, dizziness, unstable blood pressure, numbness of hands, tongue, impaired sight, seeing spots, and eye floaters.
Thoracic osteochondrosis is manifested by pain in chest and pain between the ribs when walking.
Compression syndromes of osteochondrosis make up onethird of the osteochondrosis manifestations.
Spinal pain examination
At Deva Clinique, patients with spinal pain are prescribed a comprehensive examination:
- MRI of the corresponding spine sector MRI of the spine
- CT scan according to indications or if there are counterindications to MRI
- X-ray of the spine with functional tests
- Ultrasound examination (Doppler sonography) of head and neck vessels
- Ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland, abdominal organs, and pelvis
- Immunological and virologic examination (to exclude the inflammatory genesis of pain)
- Laboratory studies, including hormonal profiling
Surgical treatment of intervertebral hernia is a last resort when the medicine-based therapy does not provide the necessary outcome.
However, frequent relapses, complications and outcomes in the distant period after surgery do not always satisfy patients.
Stem cell therapy for the treatment of herniated discs
Benefits of Deva Clinique stem cell therapy for the treatment of herniated discs:
- minimal trauma
- stimulation of the patient’s own regenerative potential aimed at restoring structural and functional changes in the affected segment of the spine
- high efficiency
- treatment may be conducted even if a patient has other major diseases.
Allogeneic (donor) or autologous (own) stem cells of the patient are used for this purpose:
- have anti-inflammatory effect
- reduce tissue swelling
- restore blood circulation in the affected area
- normalize metabolic processes
- contribute to the healing of rupture of the fibrous ring, strengthen it
- significantly reduce the hernia size
- strengthen ligaments of the spine